Alternative Medicine

What You Need To Know About Ginkgo Biloba

What You Need To Know About Ginkgo Biloba


Ginkgo trees and shrubs, are one of the earliest types of trees cultivated in China and so are considered to be 150 to 200 million years old. The ginkgo trees grow in average soil and even in full sun. The tree can grow 100 – 120 feet. Ginkgo trees are very resistant to pollution and infection and hardly suffer any disease. Insects seldom attack these plants. Because of these reasons these trees are most tolerant even in urban conditions and are grown as shade trees.

Ginkgo or ginkgo biloba extracts is made from various parts of these trees. Chinese has used ginkgo biloba for the centuries for treating various ailments. Now it is most researched herb and is used by most of the countries as herbal medicine.

Working of Ginkgo Biloba:

Ginkgo leaves contains two groups of active components known as flavonoid glycosides and ginkgolides. These active ingredients helps in increasing blood flow to the brain and improving overall network of blood vessels, and consequently increases the inflow of oxygen and essential nutrients to brain and other important organs of the body and simultaneously helps controlling in allergic inflammation and asthma.

Benefits of Ginkgo Biloba:

The research on this herbal medicine continues for the last three decades and some of the benefits as evidenced by clinical studies have been summarized below.

• It has a positive effect on vascular system and it allows the system to act more efficiently by allowing more blood flow and consequently more oxygen to the vital organs of the body including brain.

• Brain, being the highest oxygen consumer (20%) of the total oxygen requirement of the human body, regulates the body more efficiently.

• The improved blood circulation to brain including microcirculation in smaller capillaries increases memory and metabolic efficiency including neurotransmitters regulation.

• Ginkgo biloba is useful for relaxing coronary arteries constricted by cholesterol.

• Ginkgo biloba is also useful for relieving stress and anxiety.

• Ginkgo biloba is also helpful to lift mood and restore energy.

• Ginkgo biloba controls platelet activity factor (PAF). Excessive platelet factor (PAF) in the body may cause physical stress, brain dysfunction, and skin problem including psoriasis, heart related illnesses and other hearing conditions.

• Ginkgo biloba is effective for treating vertigo and tinnitus (ringing inside the ears).

• Ginkgo biloba serves as an anti-oxidant and stops free radical formed in the body. Anti-oxidant plays an important role for protecting cardiovascular and central nervous system (CNS). The combined effect of improved circulatory system and antioxidant improves blood circulation to retina and controls retinal degeneration causing a total improvement in visual activity.

• Many studies indicate that ginkgo biloba is beneficial for treating Alzheimer’s disease.

• Ginkgo biloba is also used as supportive herbal medicine for treating infertility disorder in males.


Although it is a herbal medicine with enormous benefits, it should not be combined with certain antidepressants such as MAO (mono amine oxidase). Persons taking medicine for blood clotting disorders should avoid taking ginkgo biloba, as the medicine will increase the effect of prescribed medicine.

If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, you should not take ginkgo biloba.

The possible adverse reactions of the medicine include:

• Ginkgo biloba may cause some gastrointestinal disorders.
• Ginkgo biloba increases the risk of blood loss and if you have or had any blood clotting disorder, you shouldn’t take    ginkgo biloba.
• The other common side effects of ginkgo biloba can sometimes include nausea or vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache and restlessness.

About the author

Saksham Sharma

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