The sperm can be inseminated through natural or artificial methods. Sperm may be donated privately and directly to the intended recipient, or through a sperm bank or fertility clinic. The primary recipients of donor sperm are heterosexual couples suffering from male infertility, lesbian couples and single women.
When going through a sperm bank, the recipient may select donor sperm on the basis of the donor’s looks, personality, academic ability, race, and many other factors. Sperm banks or clinics are subject to varying state regulations, including restrictions on donor anonymity and number of offspring, and there may be other legal protections of the rights and responsibilities of both recipient and donor. Some sperm banks, either by choice or regulation, limit the amount of information available to potential recipients; a desire to obtain more information on donors is one reason why recipients may choose to use a known donor and/or private donation.
A sperm donor is considered the biological father of the child but is not considered the legal father of the child. Depending on the jurisdiction and its laws, he may or may not later be eligible to seek parental rights or be held responsible for parental obligations.
I m sure that every reader must have seen the movie ‘Vicky Donor‘ . The movie changes the perception of sperm donation in the youth’s mind. Post release of the movie, many sperm banks and sperm clinics were getting mails by young men to donate sperm not only for the welfare of the society but also for some extra income.Such phone calls or mails were rare until the release of ‘Vicky Donor’.
Sperm donors are offered anywhere between Rs 500 and Rs 3,500 per sample depending upon their eligibility criteria and specific demands of couples. Guidelines permit a man to donate sperms 85 times in their lifetime.
Experts, however, say sperm donation is more technical than is essayed in the movie.
The sample is taken and incubated for six-odd months. Tests for all infections are carried out to rule out infections like HIV. It is only after these formalities that the sample is used. Moreover, remuneration is also not all that handsome as the young may believe .
If there are no obvious reasons to exclude you as a sperm donor then the next stage will be to:
- produce a semen sample that can be examined in the laboratory. You will usually need to abstain from any form of sexual activity for between 3 and 5 days prior to producing the sample. Moreover, you will usually need to produce this sample in a private room in the centre. This is so the sample can be analysed as soon as possible after it is produced.
- a sample of your blood will be taken for analysis. This will include tests to determine your blood group as well as screen for common genetic diseases and sexually transmitted infections. You may also need to be examined by a doctor who will take swabs and may also require a sample of urine. You will also be asked to sign a form giving your permission for the centre to contact your general practitioner and ask for their opinion as to your suitability as a donor.
- you will have an interview with a member of staff to discuss the donation process and explain the legal aspects that surround it. This will include a discussion concerning your rights and the rights of those receiving your sperm and of any child born as a result of DI treatment.
When you visit the licensed centre, you will be asked questions about your health and related issues mentioned above. You will be offered counselling about what is involved and your rights, as well as the rights of those receiving your donated sperm and any child created by means of your donated sperm.
You are free to withdraw from the process at any point and if you are in any doubts about becoming a donor then you should feel free to voice your concerns. Centres will normally have an independent counsellor on hand that you many see at any time and it is important that you are aware of this. The counsellor will be able to answer any concerns that you may be having and will help you in reaching a decision that is right for you.