Eating disorders refers to abnormal eating habits that may include insufficient eating or excessive eating. It can ruin an individual’s physical and mental health. Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are the most common types of eating disorders.
Bulimia nervosa is a disorder characterized by binge eating and purging. Purging can include self-induce vomiting, over-exercising, and the usage of diuretics, enemas, and laxatives. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by extreme food restriction to the point of self-starvation and excessive weight loss.
Although eating disorders are increasing all over the world among both men and women, there is evidence to suggest that it is women in the Western world who are at the highest risk of developing them and the degree of westernization increases the risk.
The cause of eating disorders is not entirely understood, but there is evidence that it may be linked to other medical conditions and situations. Cultural idealization of thinness and youthfulness have contributed to eating disorders affecting diverse populations.
One study showed that foster girls are more likely to develop bulimia nervosa. Some think that peer pressure and idealized body-types seen in the media are also a significant factor. Some research show that for certain people there are genetic reasons why they may be prone to developing an eating disorder. Recent studies have found evidence a correlation between patients with bulimia nervosa and substance use disorders. In addition, anxiety disorders and personality disorders are common occurrences with clients of eating disorders.
While proper treatment can be highly effective for many suffering from specific types of eating disorders, the consequences of eating disorders can be severe, including death.
Youngsters in the age group of 12-25 years are using diet pills, fat burners, fasting, resorting to self-induced vomiting etc. in order to stay slim and look attractive.
They are deeply influenced by the modern lifestyles of ramp models who have a size zero figure and try to get the same. Kids as young as 12 are trying to take up eating disorders in the name of dieting which is coming in between the development of their physical and mental health.
These daily diets can make them slimmer but they also affect their growth.